Estimasi Jumlah Stok Karbon Yang Tersimpan di Lahan Basah Desa Sungai Tohor Kecamatan Tebing Tinggi Timur Kabupaten Kepulauan Meranti Provinsi Riau

Maizaldi Maizaldi, Bintal Amin, Joko Samiaji

Abstract


The research was conducted from July to December 2018 which aims to estimate the amount of carbon stock storage in wetland ecosystems that cover the near shore (mangrove) to upper land (peatland) in Sungai Tohor Village. Survey method was applied and sampling was done by non-destructive method that is without harvesting, so as not to change the ecological function of the forest. Data of carbon pool biomass was analysed and calculated in laboratory with allometric equations to extrapolate biomass. The results showed that the total carbon stock storage in the wetland ecosystem that covered the mangrove area to the peat area was equal to 51499.10 tons C / ha and was able to absorb CO2 by 70901.78 tons CO2/ ha. The largest total carbon deposits are in the mangrove region which is equal to 31525.83 tons C/ha, while the peat region has the ability to store lower carbon with a total value of 19973.27 tons C/ha.


Keywords


Carbon storage, mangrove, peatland, wetland, Sungai Tohor Village

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Standardisasi Nasional. 2011. SNI 7724 – Pengukuran dan Penghitungan Cadangan Karbon – Pengukuran Lapangan untuk Penaksiran Cadangan Karbon Hutan (Ground Based Forest Carbon Accounting). Badan Standarisasi Nasional.

Chanan, M. 2012. Pendugaan cadangan karbon (C) tersimpan di atas permukaan tanah pada vegetasi hutan tanaman jati (Tectona grandis Linn.F) (Di RPH Sengguruh BKPH Sengguruh KPH Malang Perum Perhutani II Jawa Timur). Jurnal Gamma 7(2): 61-73.

Heriyanto, N. M. dan E. Subiandono, 2012. Komposisi dan Struktur Tegakan, Biomasa, dan Potensi Kandungan Karbon Hutan Mangrove di TAMAN Nasional Alas Purwo. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 9 (1): 23 – 32.

Hairiah K, dan Rahayu S. 2007. Pengukuran Karbon Tersimpan di Berbagai Penggunaan Lahan. Buku. World Agroforestry Center-ICRAF. Bogor. 77p

Istomo, 2006. Kandungan fosfor dan kalsium pada tanah dan biomassa hutan rawa gambut (Studi kasus di wilayah HPH PT. Diamond Raya Timber, bagan Siapi-api, Provinsi Riau. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika. 12(3), pp. 40-57.

Boone Kauffman,J. B., V. B. Arifanti, I. Basuki, S. Kurnianto, N.Novita, D. Murdiyarso, D. C. Donato, M. W. Warren, 2016. Protocols for the measurement, monitoring, and reporting of structure, biomass, carbon stocks and greenhouse gas emissions in tropical peat swamp forests (2016). Working Paper 221. Bogor, Indonesia.

Komiyama, A., J. E. Ong, S. Poungparn. 2008. Allometry, Biomassa and Productivity of Mangrove Forest : A Review. Aquatic Botany. Vol. 89 : 128-137.

Rahayu, S., Noordjwik, M. V dan Lusiana, B. 2010. Pendugaan Cadangan Karbon di Atas Permukaan Tanah pada Berbagai Sistem Penggunaan Lahan di Kabupaten Nunukan, Kalimantan Timur. Buku. World Agroforestry Centre. Bogor. 88 hlm.

Soerianegara, I. dan A. Indrawan. 2005. Ekologi Hutan Indonesia. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Sugiyono, 2007. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif. Bandung; Alfabeta.

Suryanta J, Turmudi, Irmadi Nahib, dan Yatin Suwarno 2016. Kajian Cadangan Karbon Lahan Gambut Kabupaten Kepulauan Meranti. Bogor.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/dli.6.2.p.60-66

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.