Pertumbuhan Api-Api (Avicennia alba) dan Kelimpahan Epifauna Bentik di Kawasan Rehabilitasi Mangrove Desa Kedaburapat Kabupaten Kepulauan Meranti

Efriyeldi Efriyeldi, Aras Mulyadi, Joko Samiaji

Abstract


The research was conducted in July - October 2020. Collection of data A. alba growth and abundance of benthic epifauna was carried out in the mangrove rehabilitated area of Kedabupat village, Kepulauan Meranti Regency. The aims of this study was to analyze the growth (stems height and diameter) of the mangrove A. alba species as a result of rehabilitation and abundance of benthic epifauna in the area. The method used in this research was a survey method, where data was obtained by directly to the research location. The data collected was data on the height and diameter of A. alba stems, density of macro epifauna species, and  water quality in the field, then followed by analysis of water and sediment samples in the laboratory. The results showed that the average increace in height of the stem by zone was 6.45-12.93 cm/month, meanwhile the average value of the increase in stem diameter by zone is 1.53-1.85 mm/month. There were 13 epifauna benthic species from 2 classes namely Gastropod and Malacostraca from mangrove rehabilitation. Gastropod class  that was Littoraria melanostoma, Nerita balteata and Sphaerassiminea miniata; from the malacostraca class that was Uca coarctata,  Metopograpsus latifrons, Ceonobita cavipes, and Clibanarius longitarsus. Benthic epifauna abundance values average ranged from 31.33-52.22 ind/m2.


Keywords


Avicennia alba; Diameter; Epifauna benthic; Height; Kedaburapat village; Rehabilitation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aksornkoae, S. (1993). Ecology & Management of Mangroves. The International Union of Nature & Natural Resources (IUCN) Wetlands Programme. Bangkok, Thailand. 79 p.

Alfaro, A.C. (2007). Migration & trail affinity of snails, Littoraria scabra, on mangrove trees of Nananuria, Fiji Islands. Marine and Freshwater behaviour and Physiology, 40(40): 247-255.

Anwar, C. (2007). Pertumbuhan Anakan Mangrove Pada Berbagai Jarak Tanam dan Tingkat Penggenangan Air Laut di Pemalang, Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Konservasi Alam, 4(4): 253-364. https://doi.org/10.20886/jphka.2007.4.4.353-364.

Azham, R.S., Bahtiar & Ketjulan, R. (2016). Struktur Komunitas Makrozoobenthos Pada Ekosistem Mangrove di Perairan Teluk Staring Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Jurnal Manajemen Sumber Daya Perairan, 1(3): 249-260.

Bengen, D.G. (2002). Pedoman Teknis Pengenalan dan Pengelolaan Ekosistem Mangrove. Pusat Kajian Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Lautan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor, Indonesia. 56 halaman.

Dharma, B. (1988). Siput dan Kerang Indonesia I. PT. Sarana Graha. Jakarta. 111 Halaman.

Elviana, S & Lantang, B. (2016). Inventarisasi gastropoda pada ekosistem mangrove di perairan pantai Payumb, Kabupaten Merauke. Agricola: Jurnal Pertanian Universitas Musamus, 6(1): 40-45.

Ernawati, E. Suprayitno, Hardoko & Yanuhar, U. (2018). Kajian Pencemaran Ekosistem Mangrove Jenis Rhizophora mucronata di Perairan Desa Kalianyar Bangil Pasuruan Jawa Timur. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Agrika, 12(1): 61-72. https://doi.org/10.31328/ja.v12i1.545

Febrita, E., Darmawati., & Astuti, J. (2015). Keanekaragaman Gastropoda dan Bivalvia Hutan Mangrove Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Pada Konsep Keanekaragaman Hayati Kelas X SMA. Jurnal Biogenesis 11(2):119-128.

Ghufron, R. R., Kusmana, C., & Rusdian, O. (2015). Komposisi Jenis Dan Struktur Hutan Mangrove di Pulau Sebuku, Kalimantan Selatan. Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika, 6(1): 15-26.

Harjadi, S.S. (1993). Pengantar Agronomi. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. 197 hal.

Hartoko, A., P. Soedarsono & Indrawati, A. (2013). Analisa Klorofil-a, Nitrat dan Fosfat pada Vegetasi Mangrove Berdasarkan Data Lapangan dan Satelit Geoeye di Pulau Parang, Kepulauan Karimunjawa. Journal of Management of Aquatic Resources. 2 (2): 28-37.

Kusmana, C., Onrizal, & Sudarmaji. (2003). Jenis-Jenis Pohon Mangrove di Teluk. Bintuni Papua. Bogor : Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian Bogor. 58 halaman.

Latifah, S. (2004). Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tegakan Eucalyptus grandis di Hutan Tanaman Industri. Universitas Sumatera Utara. Medan. 11 hal.

Mahmud., Wardah & Toknok, B. (2014). Sifat Fisik Tanah di Bawah Tegakan Mangrove di Desa Tumpapa Kecamatan Balinggi Kabupaten Parigi Moutong. Warta Rimba. 2 (1): 129-135.

Morton, J. (1990). The Shore Ecology of The Tropical Pacific 1st Edition. UNESCO. Jakarta. 90 p.

Omar, A. S., R. Sirante, Suwarni & Litaay, M. (2012). Keanekaragaman Gastropoda (Moluska) di Ekosistem Mangrove Kabupaten Sinjai, Sulawesi Selatan. Makalah disajikan pada Seminar Nasional Moluska III. Makassar, 14 Juni.

Onrizal & C. Kusmana. (2004). Ekologi dan Manajemen Mangrove. Buku Ajar. Jurusan Kehutanan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Permatasari, I.R., B.S. Barus & G. Diansyah, G. (2019). Analisis Nitrat dan Fosfat Sedimen di Muara Sungai Banyuasin, Kabupaten Banyuasin, Sumatera Selatan. Jurnal Penelitian Sains. 21 (3): 140-150. https://doi.org/10.26554/jps.v21i3.545

Pribadi, R., R. Hartati, C. A. Suryono. (2009). Komposisi spesies dan penyebaran gastrpoda di hutan mangrove Segara Anakan Cilacap, Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan, 14 (2) : 102-111. https://doi.org/10.14710/ik.ijms.14.2.102-111.

Rangkuti, A. M., M. R. Cardova, A. Rahmawati, Yulma & H. E. Adimu, H.E. (2017). Ekosistem Pesisir dan Laut Indonesia. Bumi Aksara. Jakarta. 482 halaman.

Santoso N, Kusmana C, Sudarmana D, Sukmadi R. (2007). Ekologi Tumbuhan Pidada (Sonneratia caseolaris (L) Engler 1897 pada Kawasan Muara Angke Propinsi Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta. IPB, Bogor.

Saru, A. (2013). Mengungkap Potensi Emas Hijau di Wilayah Pesisir. Masagena Press, Makassar. 238 halaman.

Susila, I.W.W. (2010). Riap tegakan duabanga (Duabanga moluccana Bl.) di Rarung. Jurnal Penelitian dan Konservasi Alam, 7(1):47-58. https://doi.org/10.20886/jphka.2010.7.1.47-58

Susetiono. (2005). Krustasea dan Moluska Mangrove Delta Mahakam. Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi-LIPI. Jakarta. 72 halaman.

Syahrial, C.E. Larasati, D. Saleky, H. Susilo, R. Wahyudi. (2018). Biota Asosiasi Pada Kawasan Reboisasi Mangrove Kepulauan Seribu. Journal of Aceh Aquatic Science, 2(1): 48-62. https://doi.org/10.35308/.v2i1.1688

Syamsurial. (2011). Studi Beberapa Indeks Komunitas Makrozoobentos di Hutan Mangrove Kelurahan Coppo Kabupaten Baru. [Skripsi]. Program Studi Perikanan Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Universitas Hasanudin. Makassar. 57 Halaman.

Tanaka, M. O., & Maia, R.C. (2006). Shell Morphological Variation of Littoraria angulifera Among and Within Mangroves in NE Brazil. Hydrobiologia, 559: 193-202.

Taqwa, A. (2010). Analisis Produktivitas Primer Fitoplankton dan Struktur Komunitas Fauna Makrobenthos Berdasarkan Kerapatan Mangrove di Kawasan Konservasi Mangrove dan Bekantan Kota Tarakan, Kalimantan Timur. [Tesis]. Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Tomascik, T, Mah A.J, Nontji A, Moosa MK. (1997). The Ecology of Indonesian Seas. Part II. Periplus Editions, Singapore. 933 p.

Tomlinson, PB. (1994). The Botany of Mangrove. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 419 p.

Tuheteru, M., S. Notosoedarmo, & Martosupono, M. (2014). Distribusi Gastropoda di Ekosistem Mangrove. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Raja Ampat. Waisai, 12 – 13 Agustus.

Ulqodry, T. Z., Yulisman, M. Syahdan & Santoso. (2010). Karateristik dan Sebaran Nitrat, Fosfat, dan Oksigen Terlarut di Perairan Karimunjawa Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Penelitian Sains, 13 (1): 35-41. https://doi.org/10.26554/jps.v13i1.162

Wantasen, A. S. (2014). Conditions of Substrate and Water Quality Supporting Activites as a Growth Factor in Mangrove at Coastal Basaan I, South East District Minahasa. Jurnal Ilmiah Platax, 1(4): 204-209. https://doi.org/10.35800/jip.1.4.2013.3704

Yahra, S. (2020). Analisis Kandungan Nitrat dan Fosfat Serta Keterkaitannya Dengan Kerapatan Mangrove di Pantai Labu Kabupaten Deli Serdang. [Skripsi]. Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan. 79 Halaman.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/dli.8.2.p.113-122

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Pascasarjana Universitas Riau

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-NonKomersial 4.0 Internasional.