Kendala Pengendalian Pencemaran Total Suspended Solid dan Phosphat di Sub Das Tlaga Ria Sentani Pasca Banjir Bandang

Auldry F Walukow, Triwiyono Triwiyono, Albert Lumbu

Abstract


The problem that occurs in Lake Sentani is that it has been contaminated by parameters of TSS, BOD, Pb, Cu, and DO respectively with valuesof 76 mg / L, 4.63 mg / L, 0.035 mg / L, 0.03 mg / L, and 5.72 mg / L because these parameters have exceeded the quality standard according to environmental regulations. This study aims to determine the assimilation capacity of TSS and PO4 parameters and analyze pollution control models in the Tlaga Ria sub-watershed. The research method used to determine the assimilation capacity is a linear regression equation and in analyzing the pollution control model the interpretative structural modeling method is used. The results showed that the TSS assimilation capacity value in Lake Sentani was -12,700 tons/month. The value of water quality in Lake Sentani is above the value of the assimilation capacity, this shows that Lake Sentani has been polluted by TSS parameters. Meanwhile, the value of PO4 parameter assimilation capacity is 44.36 tons/month and since 2016 Lake Sentani has been unable to conduct self purification. The key elements of the Sentani Lake pollution control constraints in the Tlaga Ria watershed are weak implementation of environmental regulations, differences in objectives among stakeholders, differences in objectives between administrative areas, weak support of business owners, conflict of interests, and weak enforcement of regulations.


Keywords


Assimilation capacity; Control model; Pollution; Lake Sentani; Tlaga Ria

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andara, D., Haeruddin, R., & Suryanto, A. (2014). Kandungan Total Padatan Tersuspensi, Biochemical Oxygen Demand dan Chemical Oxygen Demand serta Indeks Pencemaran Sungai Klampisan Di Kawasan Industri Candi, Semarang. Jurnal of Maquares, 3(3), 177-187.

Appannagari, R.R., (2017). Environmental Pollution Causes And Cosequences: A Study. North Asian Journal of Social & Humanities, 3(8), 151-155.

Badan Lingkungan Hidup Daerah Kabupaten Jayapura. 2016. Laporan Akhir Pemantauan Limbah Padat dan Kualitas Air Di Kabupaten Jayapura.

Bahteria, R., & Jain, D., (2016). Water Quality Assesment of Lake: A Review. Journal Sustain. Water Resour. Manag, 2, 161-173, DOI 10.1007/s40899-015-0014-7.

Cheruiyot, C., & Muhandiki, V., (2014). Review of Estimation of Pollution Load to Lake Victoria. Journal of Environmental and Earth Science, 4(1), 113-120.), https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2014.v10n5p%25p.

Darmasusantini, P., D., Merit, I., N., & Dharma, I., G., B. (2015). Identifikasi Sumber Pencemar dan Analisis Kualitas air Tukad Saba Provinsi Bali. Jurnal Ecotrophic, 9(2), 57-63. https://doi.org/10.24843/EJES.2015.v09.i02.p10.

Duan, W., He, B., Nover, D., Yang, G., Chen, W., Meng, H., Zou, S., & Liu, C. (2016). Water Quality Assemnent and Pollution Source Identification of the Eastern Poyang Lake Basin Using Multivariate Statistical Methods. Journal Sustainability, 8 (133), 1-15 Doi: 10.3390/su8020133.

Hamakonda, U., A., Suharto, B., & Susanawati, L., D. (2019). Analisis Kualitas Air dan Beban Pencemaran Air Pada Sub DAS Boentuka Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan. Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Andalas, 23(1), 56-67. https://doi.org/10.25077/jtpa.23.1.56-67.2019.

Kapisa, N., (2017). Kondisi Kenaikan Permukaan Danau Sentani 2016-2017. BPLH Propinsi Papua.

Lestiana, H., Mulyono, A., Maria, R., & Mulyadi, D. (2019). Kesesuaian Lahan Berdasarkan Indeks Konservasi Secara Spasial di DAS Ciasem Hulu, Subang. Jurnal Limnotek Perairan Darat Tropis di Indonesia, 26(2), 119-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/limnotek.v26i2.213.

Nugraheni C., T., Pawitan, H., Purwanto, Y., J., & Ridwaansyah, I., (2019). Neraca Air Situ Cikaret dan Situ Kabantenan di Kabupaten Bogor Menggunakan Pemodelan Hidrologi SWAT. Jurnal Limnotek Perairan Darat Tropis Indonesia, 26 (2), 89-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/limnotek.v26i2.251.

Mahyudin, Soemarno, & Prayogo, T.,R. (2015). Analisis Kualitas Air dan Strategi Pengendalian Pencemaran Air Sungai Metro di Kota Kepanjen Kabupten Malang. Jurnal PAL, 6(2), 105-114.

Marimin. (2004). Teknik dan Aplikasi Pengambilan Keputusan Kriteria Majemuk. Penerbit PT Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia, Jakarta.

Patricia, C., & Astono, W., H., D., I. (2018). Kandungan Nitrat dan Fosfat di Sungai Ciliwung. Proseding Seminar Nasional ke 4, ISSN (P): 2460-8696, ISSN (E) : 2540-7589, 179-189. http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/semnas.v0i0.3373.

Patty, S., Arfah, H., & Abdul, M., S. (2015). Zat Hara (Fosfat, Nitrat), Oksigen terlarut dan pH Kaitannya dengan Kesuburan Di Perairan Jikumerasa, Pulau Buru. Jurnal Pesisir dan Laut Tropis, 1(1), 43-50. https://doi.org/10.35800/jplt.3.1.2015.9578.

Pohan, D., A., S., Budiyono, & Syafrudin. (2016). Analisis Kualitas Air Sungai Guna Menentukan Peruntukan Ditinjau dari Aspek Lingkungan. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 14(2), 63-71. https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.14.2.63-71.

Prasetia, A., & Walukow, A.F. (2021). Analisis mutu air Danau Area Gelanggang Expo dengaan metode indeks pencemaran di kota Jayapura. Jurnal Dinamika Lingkungan Indonesia. 8(1), 42-47. DOI 10.31258/dli.8.1.8(1),42-47.

Rahman, A., Alim, M., S., & Utami, U., B., L. (2011). Inventarisasi dan identifikasi Sumber Pencemar Air Di Kota Banjarmasin. Jurnal EnviroScienteae, 7, 58-68.

Riza, F., Bambang, A., N., & Kismartini, . (2015). Tingkat Pencemaran Lingkungan Perairan Ditinjau dari aspek Fisika, Kimia dan Logam di Pantai Kartini Jepara. Indonesian Journal Of Conservation, 4(1), 52-60. https://doi.org/10.15294/ijc.v4i1.5158.

Sentosa, A., A., Hedianto, D., A., & Satria, H. (2017). Dugaan Eutrofikasi Di Danau Matano Ditinjau dari Komunitas Fitoplankton dan Kualitas Perairan. Jurnal Limnotek Perairan Darat Tropis di Indonesia, 24 (2), 61-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/limnotek.v24i2.168.

Siombo, M. R. (2014). Tanggung Jawab Pemda Terhadap Kerusakan Lingkungan Hidup Kaitannya dengan Kewengan Perizinan Di Bidang Kehutanan dan Pertambangan. Jurnal Dinamika Hukum, Vol 14(3), 394-405. http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2014.14.3.306.

Skenderovic, I., Kalac, B., & Becirovic, S., (2015). Environmental pollution and waste management. Balkan Journal of Health Sciences, 3 (1), 2-10.

Walukow, A.,F. (2008). Analisis Beban Pencemaran dan Kapasitas Asimilasi Danau Sentani, Papua Sebagai Upaya Konservasi Lingkungan Perairan. Jurnal Berita Biologi, Pusat Penelitian Biologi LIPI Bogor. ISSN 0126-1754, Volume 9 No 3, Desember 2008, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.14203/beritabiologi.v9i3.777.

Walukow, A.,F. (2017b), Analysis of Pb Levels as Pollutant in the Waters of the Sentani Lake, Jayapura-Indonesia: Study of Determining Water Quality. Journal Der Pharma Chemica, 2017, 9(18),6-8.

Walukow, A.,F. (2017a). Analysis Of Polution On Physical – Chemical parameters and water environmental quality Index Using STORET index in Natural Tourism Park at Youtefa Bay, Jayapura Indonesia. Journal Der Pharma Chemica, 2017, 9(9),8-12.

Walukow. A.,F. (2010a). Kajian Parameter Kimia Posfat Di Perairan Danau Sentani Berwawasan lingkungan. Jurnal Forum Geografi, Fakultas Geografi Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta. 24(2), 183-197. https://doi.org/10.23917/forgeo.v24i2.5025.

Walukow. A., F. (2010b). Penentuan Status Mutu Air Dengan Metode Storet Di Danau Sentani Jayapura Propinsi Papua. Jurnal Berita Biologi, Pusat Penelitian Biologi LIPI Bogor. ISSN 0126-1754, Volume 10 No 3, 277-281. https://doi.org/10.14203/beritabiologi.v10i3.742.

Walukow. A.,F. (2010c). Analisis Kendala Pengelolaan Danau Sentani Berwawasan Lingkungan. Jurnal Limnotek Perairan Darat Tropis di Indonesia, 17(1), 118-127.

Walukow, A.,F. (2012). Analisis Kebijakan Penurunan Luas Hutan Di Daerah Aliran Sungai Sentani Berwawasan Lingkungan. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, 19(1), 74-84.

Walukow. A.,F. 2016. Analysis of metal concentrations of copper (Cu) in water at sentani lake in jayapura - papua. Journal Der Pharmacia Lettre. 2016,8 (2),303-308.

Walukow, A., F. (2021a). Analisis Tingkat Pencemaran Air Di Kali Kampwolker Sebagai Inlet Ke Perairan Danau Sentani Dengan Menggunakan Metode Pollution Index. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi, 10(1), 69-75.

Walukow, A.,F. (2021b). Analysis of Carrying Capasity and Water Pollution in the Simporo Strait Area After a Flash Flood. Ecological Engineering & Environmental Technology. 22(3), 120-128. http://doi.org/10.12912/27197050/135528.

Yulius. (2016). Penataan Blok Cagar Alam Pegunungan Cycloop. BPDAS Mamberamo.

Zhao, Y., Yang, Z., & Li, Y., (2010). Investigation of Water Pollution In Baiyangdian Lake, China. Journal Procedia Environmental Sciences, 2, 737-748. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2010.10.085.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/dli.8.2.p.154-161

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.