Penentuan teknologi pengolahan sampah menjadi energi di Kabupaten Boyolali dengan Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)

Novica Ayu Sari, Mayang Ananda Rini, Whindy Ndaru Oktaviani, Rarastika Nur Ghaida, Mega Mutiara Sari, I Wayan Koko Suryawan


The waste composition in Boyolali Regency consists of 37.13% garden waste. The waste can be treated with a thermal process so that it can be reused for energy. The method of sorting waste with thermal technology consists of various types adapted to the gods. This study aimed to evaluate the most co-cog heat treatment processes for waste processing in Boyolali Regency. The determination process is carried out using a literature review, while the selection process uses the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The alternatives given in this research are carbonization, pyrolysis, and synergy processes. In the alternative selection, there are three criteria, namely mass balance, CO2 residue, and energy volatility. In terms of mass balance, the waste that the carbonization process can treat tends to be higher than that of the pyrolysis and incineration processes. Meanwhile, the carbonization process is better than pyrolysis and carbonization for wood waste for emission and energy requirements. The result of AHP shows that the carbonization process is suitable to be applied in Boyolali Regency. However, it is necessary to conduct further studies on non-technical aspects to strengthen alternative election results.



waste; AHP; mass balance; CO2 residue; energy

Full Text:



Ahmed, S. I., Fatta, A. Al, Hossain, M. J., & Tanvir, S. (2018). Potential of Waste to Energy ( WtE ) Technologies for Efficient Management of Municipal Solid Waste in Bangladesh. International Conference on Energy & Environment, October, 1–5.Paper ID_2018_170.

Auxilio, A. R., Choo, W.-L., Kohli, I., Chakravartula Srivatsa, S., & Bhattacharya, S. (2017). An experimental study on thermo-catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste using a continuous pyrolyser. Waste Management, 67, 143–154.

Basu, P. (2010). Biomass gasification and pyrolysis: practical design and theory. Academic press.

BPSDM PU. (2018). Modul Pelatihan Teknologi WtE Termal Insinerasi. Kepala Pusat Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Jalan, Perumahan, Permukiman, dan Pengembangan Infrastruktur Wilayah.

Cabrera-Barona, P., & Ghorbanzadeh, O. (2018). Comparing Classic and Interval Analytical Hierarchy Process Methodologies for Measuring Area-Level Deprivation to Analyze Health Inequalities. In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Vol. 15, Issue 1). 10.3390/ijerph1501 0140.

Caroline, R. C., Peter, G., Lucejko, J. J., & Leme, C. L. D. (2020). Using analytical pyrolysis and scanning electron microscopy to evaluate charcoal formation of four wood taxa from the caatinga of north-east Brazil. Università di Pisa.

Chaerul, M., & Rahmania, S. (2019). Multikriteria Analisis dalam Pemilihan Alat Pengumpul Sampah dengan Pembobotan Kombinasi Hasil Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP) dan Time Motion Study (TMS). Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 17(2), 222

Devianto, L. A., Dewi, N. N. A. M. S. U., Helmy, Q., & Chaerul, M. (2021). Faecal sludge treatment facility site selection using GIS-based multi-criteria analysis and AHP: Case study of Bogor Regency. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 733(1), 12150.

Dewi, D. (2014). Pembuatan Biocoal Dari Campuran Batubara Lignit, Sekam Padi, Dan Tempurung Kelapa (Pengaruh Temperatur Karbonisasi Dan Ukuran Material. Doctoral dissertation, Politeknik Negeri Sriwijaya). Google Map. (2021). Google Map.

Jie, P., Xingzhong, Y., Hongwei, J., Huajun, H., & Wenkai, B. (2013). Analysis on greenhouse gas emissions from different sewage sludge treatments and disposal processes. Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering, 7(6), 2285–2290.

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. (2019). Sistem informasi Pengelolaan Sampah Nasional.

Kuryani, E. (2017). Pirolisis Sampah dengan Variasi Jenis Ranting dan Kantong Plastik HDPE. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember.

Laird, D. A., Brown, R. C., Amonette, J. E., & Lehmann, J. (2009). Review of the pyrolysis platform for coproducing bio-oil and biochar. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 3(5), 547–562.

Lempang, M. (2014). Pembuatan dan Kegunaan Karbon Aktif. Info Teknis EBONI, 11(2), 65–80.

Liliana, W. (2010). Peningkatan kualitas biopelet bungkil jarak pagar sebagai bahan bakar melalui teknik karbonisasi. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Linak, W. P., & Wendt, J. O. L. (1993). Toxic metal emissions from incineration: Mechanisms and control. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 19(2), 145–185.

Liu, Y., Eckert, C. M., & Earl, C. (2020). A review of fuzzy AHP methods for decision-making with subjective judgements. Expert Systems with Applications, 161, 113738. https://

Mlonka-Mędrala, A., Dziok, T., Magdziarz, A., & Nowak, W. (2021). Composition and properties of fly ash collected from a multifuel fluidized bed boiler co-firing refuse derived fuel (RDF) and hard coal. Energy, 234, 121229.

Naryono, E. (2019). Pembuatan briket campuran sampah organik sisa makanan dan sampah plastik sebagai binder untuk bahan bakar padat. Seminar Nasional Rekayasa Proses Industri Kimia, 3(1), 7–9.

Ouigmane, A., Boudouch, O., Hasib, A., Ouhsine, O., Abba, E. H., Isaifan, R. J., & Berkani, M. (2021). The Impact of RDF Valorization on the Leachate Quality and on Emissions from Cement Kiln (Case Study of a Region in Morocco). Pollution, 7(2), 293–307. poll.2021.309346.890.

Psomopoulos, C. S., Limperis, I., & Kalkanis, K. (2019). Evaluating the energy demand for municipal solid wastes treatment facilities: A critical approach toward sustainable development. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2190(1), 20046.

Qonitan, F. D., Wayan Koko Suryawan, I., & Rahman, A. (2021). Overview of Municipal Solid Waste Generation and Energy Utilization Potential in Major Cities of Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1858(1). https://

Rahmatullah, Rizka Wulandari Putri, & Enggal Nurisman. (2019). Produksi bio-oil dari limbah kulit durian dengan proses pirolisis lambat. Jurnal Teknik Kimia, 25(2), 50–53. https://

Ridhuan, K., & Suranto, J. (2017). Perbandingan Pembakaran Pirolisis Dan Karbonisasi Pada Biomassa Kulit Durian Terhadap Nilai Kalori. Turbo : Jurnal Program Studi Teknik Mesin, 5(1), 50–56.

Saaty, T. L. (2003). Decision-making with the AHP: Why is the principal eigenvector necessary. European Journal of Operational Research, 145(1), 85–91. (02)00227-8.

Sarwono, A., Septiariva, I. Y., Qonitan, F. D., Zahra, N. L., Sari, N. K., Fauziah, E. N., Ummatin, K. K., Amoa, Q., Faria, N., Wei, L. J., & Suryawan, IW. K. (2021). Municipal Solid Waste Treatment for Energy Recovery Through Thermal Waste-To-Energy in Depok City, Indonesia. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 85. Mohon di cek kembali.

Suresh Kumar, A., Muthukannan, M., & Sri Krishna, I. (2020). Optimisation of bio medical waste ash in GGBS based of geopolymer concrete. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 872, 12163.

Suryawan, I. W. K., Wijaya, I. M. W., Sari, N. K., & Yenis, I. (2021). Potential of Energy Municipal Solid Waste ( MSW ) to Become Refuse Derived Fuel ( RDF ) in Bali Province , Indonesia. Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan, 10(1).09-15 (mohon di cek kembali sumbernya)

Thomsen, T., Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., Bruun, E. W., & Ahrenfeldt, J. (2011). The potential of pyrolysis technology in climate change mitigation - influence of process design and - parameters, simulated in SuperPro Designer software. ???. Rujukan ini merupakan technical Report (Denmark). (2019). Musayama, Mesin Pemusnah Sampah Kaya Manfaat. musayama-mesin-pemusnah-sampah-kaya-manfaat.

Wang, N.-Y., Shih, C.-H., Chiueh, P.-T., & Huang, Y.-F. (2013). Environmental Effects of Sewage Sludge Carbonization and Other Treatment Alternatives. In Energies (Vol. 6, Issue 2).

Xu, H., Lin, W. Y., Dal Magro, F., Li, T., Py, X., & Romagnoli, A. (2019). Towards higher energy efficiency in future waste-to-energy plants with novel latent heat storage-based thermal buffer system. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 112, 324–337. .2019.05.009.

Yodi, Y., Suryawan, I. W. K., & Afifah, A. S. (2020). Estimation of Green House Gas (GHG) emission at Telaga Punggur landfill using triangular, LandGEM, and IPCC methods. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1456(1). https://

Zendehboudi, A., Baseer, M. A., & Saidur, R. (2018). Application of support vector machine models for forecasting solar and wind energy resources: A review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 199, 272–285.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.