Persepsi dan sikap masyarakat terhadap perlindungan dan pengelolaan mangrove di Kecamatan Sungai Apit Kabupaten Siak

Siti Fatonah, Rasoel Hamidy, Aras Mulyadi, Efriyeldi Efriyeldi

Abstract


Mangrove forest in Sungai Apit Sub District, Siak District, Riau is one of the mangrove ecosystems in Riau Province which has experienced a reduction in land area and is the widest in Siak Regency. This study aims to determine the perceptions and attitudes of the community in the protection and management of mangroves. The research was conducted in three villages in Sungai Apit Sub District, namely Rawa Mekar Jaya, Sungai Rawa and Mengkapan. Data was collected through observation and interviews with the community using mangroves. The results showed that the perception of the community in Sungai Apit towards the function and management of mangroves is classified as very good, while the attitude of the community towards the protection and management of mangroves is classified as good. The perception and attitude of the people of Rawa Mekar Jaya and Meng Kapan are better than the people of Sungai Rawa. Community involvement in rehabilitation activities is generally only at the time of the project and due to wages. The community has a high awareness of utilizing mangrove resources in a sustainable manner. The community has a high awareness of the protection and management of mangroves, but their involvement in rehabilitation activities requires money to compensate for the time and energy used. Therefore, alternative activities are needed that can increase funding sources and increase funding sources in local institutions related to mangroves.



Keywords


local community; mangrove function; mangrove management; Sungai Apit Siak

Full Text:

PDF

References


Basri, B. (2019). Persepsi Masyarakat Terhadap Pengelolaan Kawasan Mangrove Di Desa Seruni Mumbul Kecamatan Pringgabaya Kabupaten Lombok Timur (Doctoral Dissertation, Fakultas Perikanan).

Badola, R., Barthwal, S., & Hussain, S. A. (2012). Attitudes of local communities towards conservation of mangrove forests: A case study from the east coast of India. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 96, 188-196.

Damastuti, E., & de Groot, R. (2017). Effectiveness of community-based mangrove management for sustainable resource use and livelihood support: A case study of four villages in Central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Environmental Management, 203: 510–521. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.07.025.

Gumilar, I. (2012). Partisipasi Masyarakat Pesisir Dalam Pengelolaan Ekosistem Hutan Mangrove Berkelanjutan Di Kabupaten Indramayu. Jurnal Akuatika Indonesia, 3(2): 244417. http://journal.unpad.ac.id/akuatika/article/view/1623/1629.

Hakim, A. M. (2015). Perception, attitude, and participation of the community around about mangrove forest management in Wonorejo, Surabaya, East Java. Bonorowo Wetlands, 5(2): 85–93. https://doi.org/10.13057/bonorowo/w050204.

Juwita, E., Soewardi, K., & Yonvitner, Y. (2015). Kondisi Habitat Dan Ekosistem Mangrove Kecamatan Simpang Pesak, Belitung Timur Untuk Pengembangan Tambak Udang (Habitat Conditions and Mangrove Ecosystem in Simpang Pesak District, East Belitung for Development of Shrimp Pond). Jurnal Manusia Dan Lingkungan, 22(1): 59. https://doi.org/10.22146/jml.18725.

Khairiansyah, M., Zainal, S., & Nugroho, J. (2018). Persepsi Masyarakat terhadap Keberadaan Hutan Mangrove di Kelurahan Kuala Kecamatan Singkawang. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 6(2): 416–427. https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jmfkh/article/view/26098/75676577046.

KLHK (Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan). 2019. Tutupan Lahan. Kantor Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan RI, Jakarta.

Kongkeaw, C., Kittitornkool, J., Vandergeest, P., & Kittiwatanawong, K. (2019). Explaining success in community based mangrove management: Four coastal communities along the Andaman Sea, Thailand. Ocean and Coastal Management, 178(September 2018), 104822. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.104822.

Motoku, A. W., Umar, S., Toknok, B., Kehutanan, J., Kehutanan, F., Tadulako, U., Fakultas, M., Universitas, K., Pengajar, S., Kehutanan, F., & Tadulako, U. (2014). Nilai Manfaat Hutan Mangrove Di Desa Sausu Peore. Warta Rimba, 2(2): 92–101. http://jurnal.untad.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/WartaRimba/article/view/3619/0.

Muntalif, B. S., Hasian, O., & Sembiring, E. (2013). Valuasi Ekonomi Dan Upaya Pengelolaan Hutan Mangrove Di Kecamatan Muara Gembong Kabupaten Bekasi. Jurnal Tehnik Lingkungan, 19(1): 82–90. https://doi.org/10.5614/jtl.2010.16.1.9.

Nanlohy, H., Bambang, A. N., Ambaryanto, A., & Hutabarat, S. (2014). Analisis Persepsi Masyarakat terhadap Pengelolaan Kawasan Mangrove Teluk Kotania. Jurnal Wilayah Dan Lingkungan, 2(1): 89. https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.2.1.89-98.

Nidyasari, Y., Helminuddin & Purnamasari, E. (2011). Analisis Perilaku Masyarakat Pesisir Dalam Melestarikan Ekosistem Mangrove Di Kelurahan Bontang Kuala Kota Bontang. Jurnal Kehutanan Tropika Humida 4 (1): 80-97. https://jurnalkehutanantropikahumida.zohosites.com/files/Nidyasari%2C%20Helminuddin%2C%20Elly.pdf.

Owuor, M. A., Icely, J., & Newton, A. (2019). Community perceptions of the status and threats facing mangroves of Mida Creek, Kenya: Implications for community based management. Ocean and Coastal Management, 175(February): 172–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.03.027.

Prawita, N. A. (2018). Analisis Kerusakan Hutan Mangrove Di Wilayah Indonesia. May.

Sanetiastri, C. T., Windia, I. W., & Astarini, I. A. (2019). Persepsi Dan Perilaku Masyarakat Sekitar Hutan Mangrove Terhadap Pelestarian Mangrove Di Kawasan Taman Hutan Raya Ngurah Rai Bali. Ecotrophic : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan (Journal of Environmental Science), 13(2): 135. https://doi.org/10.24843/ejes.2019.v13.i02.p02.

Sarhan, M., & Tawfik, R. (2018). The Economic Valuation of Mangrove Forest Ecosystem Services: Implications for Protected Area Conservation. The George Wright Forum, 35(3), 341.

Sari, Y. P., Salampessy, M. L., & Lidiawati, I. (2018). Persepsi Masyarakat Pesisir dalam Pengelolaan Ekosistem Hutan Mangrove di Muara Gembong Bekasi Jawa Barat. Perennial, 14(2): 78–85. https://doi.org/10.24259/perennial.v14i2.5303

Setiawan, H. (2017). Persepsi Dan Sikap Masyarakat Terhadap Konservasi Ekosistem Mangrove Di Pulau Tanakeke Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Dan Ekonomi Kehutanan, 14(1): 57–70. https://doi.org/10.20886/jsek.2017.14.1.57-70.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/dli.9.1.p.64-71

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.